In 2022, the World Cup will be organized for the 22nd time in its history. With a growing attendance at each edition, this competition remains the biggest sporting event in the world. From 1930 to 2018, it was marked by several emblematic football personalities, but also by unusual events. Significant changes have taken place in the organization of the tournament, which has improved significantly over time. Back on 92 years of history of this competition.
13 countries were at the rendezvous for the first edition of the World Cup, which began on July 13, 1930 in front of 2,000 supporters. The opening match ended with the victory of the French over the Mexicans by 4 goals to 1. Despite this entry in force, the blues left the competition in the first round, finishing 3rd in group 1. the final took place at the centenary stadium. A clash at the end of which Uruguay rises to the roof of the world after beating Argentina by 4 goals to 2.
Italy, which had already applied as a candidate in 1930, was entrusted with the organization of the second edition of the tournament in 1934. Despite an increase in the number of participants for this time, notable absentees are to be noted. It isdefending champion Uruguay; England, still undecided; Yugoslavia.
The tournament ends again with the coronation of the organizing country.
Four years later, it’s the France who organizes the competition, without succeeding in claiming the title. Due to growing tensions in the world, several countries did not participate in the World Cup that year. Italy keeps its place at the top for its second participation by beating the Hungarian team by 4 goals to 2.
After more than one decade of absence because of the war, the tournament resumed. Brazil ensures its organization and sees Uruguay win the title again.
For its 5th edition, the competition takes place in Switzerland and is marked by a new media era. Matches were broadcast live for the first time and football became the sport of choice for many people around the world. West Germany (FRG) and Hungary deprived of the previous edition are again in contention. It is these two countries that will meet in the final. The famous » Miracle of Bern » as the spectators call it ends with a victory for the FRG, crowned world champion.
Always the favourite, but never a winner until then, Brazil arrived in Sweden in 1958 with one goal: to bring back the cup. Even if the tournament saw the French prodigy hatch Just Fontaine author of 13 achievements, it is the young Brazilian Pelé which will mark the spirits. He changed the course of football forever with his sublime genius. He inflicted an impressive hat-trick on France in the semi-finals and realized his selection’s dream in the final match.
Injured for the great premiere of Chile (1962), Pelé still impels a incredible dynamics to his teammates who manage to retain the title. In 1966, England, host country of the 8th edition, achieved its first title.
Having kept bad memories of these two previous participations, Pelé decided to miss the 1970 World Cup before retracting. This time in Mexico, he again allowed his selection to afford the prestigious cup. Brazil then becomes the most successful country in the competition.
After Pelé, a new South American would also leave his mark on World Cup history. it’s about the Argentinian legend Diego Armando Maradona. As well as a hand-scored goal in the quarter-final against England, this one scored yet another spectacular achievement. He qualifies his country for the next round, then for the final before sanctifying it.
In 1990, Cameroon became the first African country to pass the first two rounds of the competition with success. He was narrowly eliminated by the English after 120 minutes of play in the quarter-finals. Germany, victorious in the semi-final against England, beat Argentina in the final and won their first victory since their reunification and their third overall.
The 1994 World Cup held in the United States was marked by the back from brazil and especially by the humiliation of Maradona. The latter had been disqualified after his positive test at ephedrine. Italy, Brazil’s great rival, fell to the latter in the penalty shootout. She thus misses her chance to become the most successful selection of the World Cup. Four years later, France, still in search of its first crown, saw its dream come true thanks to the geniuses of its talented players.
2002 marks a revolution in theworld cup history. That year, the tournament was co-hosted by two countries: Japan and South Korea. New talents are emerging on both the African and Asian sides. Unusual fact, Senegal beat the defending champion in the opening match and climbed to second place in their group. It will be eliminated in the quarter-finals by Turkey. Brazil achieves a new feat during the 2002 edition by winning its fifth title.
Determined to reduce the gap that is now widening between it and its great rival, Italy reaches the end of the 2006 edition. It thus eliminates France during the penalty shootouts. It was the last crown of the boot who has struggled to find his place in the competition since. It is overtaken by Germany in the ranking of the most successful countries after the dazzling success of the latter in 2014. A nightmarish year for Brazil humiliated on its soil 7 goals to 1 by the eagles of die Nationalmannschaft. Before 2014, Spain was crowned champion at the end of the 19th edition organized in South Africa.
The last World Cup dates back to 2018. It is hosted by Russia, country of the tsars, and is marked by many important reforms, in particular the introduction of video arbitration (VAR). At the end of this tournament, France regains its place at the top of the world after winning against Croatia.
“Football is a reflection of our society. Take a good look at a player’s expression on the pitch, it’s his photograph in life. Aimé Jacquet