871: The Danish invasion army beats Saxon Ethelred of Wessex at the Battle of Basing.
1371: King Robert II of Scotland is crowned.
1506: The first contingent of 150 Swiss Guards arrive at the Vatican.
1528: England and France declare war on Emperor Charles V.
1561: Statesman/philosopher Francis Bacon is born in London.
1689: Lord Halifax becomes Speaker of the House of Lords. On the same day, William of Orange summons the Convention Parliament to discuss ruling jointly with his wife Mary (daughter of exiled King James II).
1758: Russian troops occupy Königsberg, East Prussia.
1760: British troops defeat the French at the Battle at Wandewash India.
1771: Spain cedes the Falkland Islands to Britain.
1788: Birth of Lord Byron in London.
1816: Lord Byron completes the poems “Parisina” and “Siege of Corinth” on his 28th birthday.
1824: Ashantis defeat British forces on the Gold Coast.
1831: Charles Darwin takes his Bachelors of Art exam at Christ’s College, Cambridge.
1837: An earthquake in southern Syria kills thousands.
1842: Charles Dickens and his wife, Catherine, arrive in Boston, Massachusetts.
1859: Johannes Brahms’ 1st piano concerto in D minor premieres in Hanover.
1873: The SS Northfleet sinks at Dungeness. 300 die.
1879: A British garrison of 150 holds off 3,000-4,000 Zulu warriors at the Battle of Rourke’s Drift.
1901: Queen Victoria dies aged 81 and the Prince of Wales becomes Edward VII.
1905: Russia’s “Bloody Sunday” as troops fire on protesters in St Petersburg marching to the Winter Palace with a petition for Tsar Nicholas II.
1922: Pope Benedict XV (Giacomo della Chiesa) dies aged 67.
1927: The First Division fixture between Arsenal and Sheffield United is the first football match to be broadcast live on the radio.
1942: Artist Walter Sickert dies aged 81.
1948: Jim Laker takes 7-103 in his first Test Cricket innings v the West Indies at Barbados.
1953: Arthur Miller’s play “The Crucible” premieres in New York.
1957: Israeli forces withdraw from the Sinai Peninsula.
1959: Alone with an acoustic guitar and tape recorder in his New York apartment, Buddy Holly makes his final recordings including Peggy Sue Got Married, Crying, Waiting, Hoping, That’s What They Say, What To Do, Learning The Game and That Makes It Tough. They would be overdubbed posthumously. On the same day, 1958 Formula 1 World Champion Mike Hawthorn dies aged 29 in a road accident on the A3 Guildford bypass.,
1960: Paul Pender beats Sugar Ray Robinson for the middleweight boxing title.
1962: The trial begins of James Hanratty, accused of murdering a physicist and raping and shooting his companion in a lay-by on the A6 in Bedfordshire.
1964: Kenneth Kaunda becomes premier of Northern Rhodesia.
1966: Brian Wilson goes into Gold Star studios with the Wrecking Crew of top session musicians to record Wouldn’t It Be Nice, which would be the opening track on the Beach Boys’ forthcoming album Pet Sounds.
1969: The Beatles move from Twickenham Film Studios to the new studio in the Apple offices to start recording what eventually becomes the Let It Be album. Organist Billy Preston is brought into the sessions by George Harrison, who said later it would ensure the others were on their “best behaviour”.
1972: David Bowie claims to be bisexual during an interview with Melody Maker. On the same day, an anti-internment march is held at Magilligan Strand, Co Derry; as the march nears the internment camp it is stopped by members of the Green Jackets and the Parachute Regiment of the British Army, who use barbed wire to close off the beach.
1973: George Foreman defeats Joe Frazier by a TKO in Round 2 to win WBC & WBA heavyweight boxing titles in Kingston, Jamaica. On the same day, former US President Lyndon B Johnson dies aged 64.
1979: Tens of thousands of British public sector workers take part in a day of action – the biggest mass stoppage since 1926 – in support of a claim for more pay.
1980: Soviet nuclear physicist, Dr Andrei Sakharov, is sent into internal exile for his outspoken views.
1984: The LA Raiders beat Washington Redskins, 38-9 to win the Super Bowl.
1987: Pennsylvania politician R. Budd Dwyer shoots and kills himself at a press conference on live national television.
1988: Mike Tyson beats Larry Holmes by a TKO in Round 4 to retain the heavyweight boxing title in Atlantic City.
1989: The “Team of the Century” San Francisco 49ers featuring Joe Montana and Jerry Rice beat the Cincinnati Bengals, 20-16 to win the Super Bowl in one of the sport’s greatest ever games.
1990: Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev announces Red Army troops have been sent into the republic of Azerbaijan to crack down on civil unrest.
1991: Kuwaiti oil facilities are destroyed by Iraqi forces.
1992: The Duchess of York wears a paper bag over her head on an airline.
1994: An earthquake strikes Sumatra. On the same day, actor and recording artist Telly Savalas dies of prostate cancer aged 72.
1995: Kennedy matriarch, Rose, dies aged 105.
1997: Singer Billy MacKenzie of The Associates commits suicide aged 39 in his father’s garden shed in Auchterhouse, Scotland.
1999: Australian missionary Graham Staines and his two sons are burned alive by radical Hindus while sleeping in their car in Eastern India.
2001: Chief Medical Officer, Sir Liam Donaldson, insists there is no evidence to link the MMR triple vaccine with autism.
2002: Camel keyboardist Peter Bardens dies from lung cancer aged 57.
2005: Donald Trump marries former model Melania Knauss in Florida.
2006: Evo Morales becomes Bolivia’s first indigenous president.
Singles chart:When Th Sun Goes Down – The Arctic MonkeysNasty Girl – Notorious BIG/Diddy/NellyAll Time Love – Will YoungCheck On It – Beyonce ft Slin ThugThat’s My Goal – Shayne WardJCB Song – NizlopiI’ll Be Ready – SunblockSay Say Say (Waiting 4 U) – Hi-TackBreak The Night With Colour – Richard AshcroftEddie’s Song – Son Of Dork2006: Editors – The Back Room
Album chart:Stars Of CCTV – Hard FiThe Back Room – EditorsBack To Bedlam – James BluntKeep On – Will YoungCurtain Call: The Hit – EminemFirst Impressions Of Earth – The StrokesVeneer – Jose GonzalesEmployment – The Kaiser ChiefsIn Between Dream – Jack JohnsonBreakaway – Kelly Clarkson
2008: Actor Heath Ledger dies from a drug overdose aged 28.
2014: Water vapour is detected on the dwarf planet Ceres.
2017: Bass guitarist Pete Overend Watts of Mott the Hoople dies from throat cancer aged 69. On the same day, German drummer Jaki Liebezeit of Can dies from pneumonia aged 78.
2018: Former football star George Weah is inaugurated as President of Liberia. On the same day, football legend Jimmy Armfield dies aged 82.
2020: China locks down the city of Wuhan and its 11 million people, in an effort to control COVID-19.
BIRTHDAYS: Piper Laurie (Rosetta Jacobs) actress, 91; Steve Perry, singer, (Journey), 74; Nigel Pegrum, drummer (Steeleye Span), 74; Jim Jarmusch, director, 70; John Wesley Shipp, actor, 68; Linda Blair, actress, 64; Nigel Benn, boxer, 59; Andrew Roachford, singer-songwriter, 58; Steven Adler, drummer (Guns ‘n’ Roses) 58; Diane Lane, actress, 58; Olivia d’Abo, actress, 54; Stan Collymore, footballer, 52; Jonathan Woodgate, footballer, 43; Shane Long, footballer, 36.It happened today – this day in history – January 21