There were strikes involving a wide range of industries last year, as unions walked out in disputes over pay and working conditions amid the cost of living crisis, and disruption has continued into 2023.
Industrial action has affected everything from rail services and Royal Mail deliveries to NHS nurses, ambulance drivers and Border Force operations.
London is being hit by a series of bus strikes that have been organised across multiple days in January. Here is everything you need to know about the walkouts.
There is strike action on Abellio bus services, with TfL warning commuters to expect disruption.
Workers have already walked out on Wednesday 4, Thursday 5 and Tuesday 10 January. They will strike again on the following dates:Thursday 12 January Monday 16 January Thursday 19 January Wednesday 25 and Thursday 26 January
Routes affected by the Abellio strike action are mostly in west and south London.
TfL says: “On strike days, we will aim to run as many services as possible, but we expect disruption.”
Here are the routes that will be affected:
Day routes 3 27 45 63 68 109 130 156 195 196 201 207 267 270 278 315 322 350 367 381 407 415 427 433 464 482 490 969 C10 E5 E7 E10 E11 H20 H25 H28 H26 P5 P13 R68 R70 S4 U5 U7 U9
Route 481 will operate but with fewer services on weekdays from 7.30-8am, and from 3-4pm.
24-hour routes 24 111 159 285 344 345
Night routes N3 N27 N63 N68 N109 N207 N381
School routes 671
Other services not affected by strikes will be busier than normal.
On the days after strikes, a good service will be running by approximately 6am.
Louise Cheeseman, director of buses at TfL, said: “TfL will ensure as many bus services as possible run in west and south London, but they will be busier than normal. If customers need to travel, they are advised to check before they do so and leave extra time for their journeys.”
Bus workers are striking as they say Abellio has made huge profits, but pay offers have been “unacceptable”.
They say the deal offered leaves full-time drivers with under two years’ of service on £3.29 less per hour than their colleagues with more than two years.
Unite general secretary, Sharon Graham, said: “Abellio is content to horde mountains of cash but has imposed a completely unacceptable pay offer on its drivers. It is disgraceful behaviour and our members are rightly furious. Unite always fights to defend and improve members’ jobs, pay and conditions and Abellio’s south and west London workforce have their union’s unflinching support.”
Jon Eardley, managing director of Abellio London, said: “We urge Unite to recognise Abellio’s 12 per cent pay deal and encourage their members to resume normal services.
“The Abellio pay deal comes with no conditions and sees bus driver basic pay rise by an average of £100 per week and over £5,000 per year, bringing an established bus driver’s salary to around £40,000 per year. We also currently pay one of the highest rates in London for new bus drivers.
“The pay deal has now been implemented to ensure that all drivers benefit from a significant uplift in salary, despite Unite not allowing members the opportunity to express their views via a ballot.”